Similar Species - Swifts 

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Genus Species
Baoris Baoris farri pencilliata
Caltoris Caltoris kumara lanka
  Caltoris phillipina seriata
Pelopidas Pelopidas cinnara
  Pelopidas agna agna
  Pelopidas mathias mathias
  Pelopidas thrax subochracea
  Pelopidas conjuncta narooa
Panara Panara bada

Genus Baoris  

Painted Swift - Baoris farri pencilliata

Male: 40-45mm. Paint-brush like long scales on the upper side hind wings over the entire cell. It appears as a large dark patch. Hyaline spots on upper side forewing, never inside cell. The spots are in interspaces 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8. The ones on 8 being the smallest. In other specimens, the last 3 spots are entirely lacking. On under side forewing, there is a yellow brown oval band on either side of the middle of vein 1 against a polished background. The under side ground colour is chocolate to slate brown.

Female:  42-48mm. Forewing upper sides with more spots than the male, usually on interspaces 1 to 4 and then on 6 to 8. Very similar to female Caltoris kumara lanka but differs from it in the ground colour of the under sides - it is greenish brown and is a darker tint and is unspotted.

Genus Caltoris 

Blank Swift - Caltoris kumara lanka

Male:  40-45mm. No spot in cell of forewing. Unmarked hind wing. Spots in interspaces 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7. Some or all of the last three may be obsolete. On the under side no spots on interspace 1 of forewing. If present it is rare and quite small and diffuse.

Female: 42-48mm.  Spots in interspaces 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8. Spot on 8 frequently missing. Sometimes a small spot on interspce 1 just below vein 2. On the under side, a diffuse spot on interspace 1of forewing, often another smaller one touching vein2. If present it is rare and quite small.

Under sides always unspotted.

Philippine Swift - Caltoris phillipina seriata

Male: . 36-42 mm. Long narrow wings. Upper side forewing with spots in interspaces 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7. Sometimes an additional minute dot in 1, just below vein 2. No spots in cell. Under side: As on upper side but always with 2 diffuse spots in 1. Greenish ground colour.

Female: 42-45mm. Upper side forewing with spots in interspaces 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8. The last spot often absent. No spot on cell. Sometimes an additional minute dot in 1, just below vein 2. Under sides with 2 large diffuse spots in interspace 1, the lower one always larger..

Genus Pelopidas

Wallace's Swift - Pelopidas cinnara
On the forewing, interspaces 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8 always have spots  in them, with the one on 2 being the largest. The spots in the forewing cell are sometimes absent but may be up to two. On the hind wing below, interspaces 2, 3 and 5 always have a spot each, and sometimes there is a smaller one on 4. On the upper side hind wing, only a couple of these spots are visible. 

Little Branded Swift - Pelopidas agna agna
Has a complete arc of 5 spots on the under side hind wing and smaller spots. This is mostly a high elevation species. In other respects it is identical to the Small Branded Swift.

Small Branded Swift - Pelopidas mathias mathias
Male: Much smaller than the Large Branded Swift and darker. Spots in interspaces 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7. Very rarely a spot on 8. Two spots in cell. A lower elevation species.

Large Branded Swift - Pelopidas thrax subochracea
Male: Spots on forewing in interspaces 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8. The spot on 8 sometimes missing and the one on 2 quadrate and as broad as high. Two spots in cell.
Female: Broad wings. Distribution of spots similar to males though the one on 6 is more prominent on the under side.

Conjoined Swift - Pelopidas conjuncta narooa
The largest of all Pelopidas swifts. Two very prominent pale yellow spots in cell. Underside spots very prominent.


Genus Panara

Smallest Swift - Panara bada
The smallest of all swifts in the island with an unusually short antenna. No spot in interspace 1 of forewing, a feature that distinguishes it from the slightly larger Wallace's Swift. Spots on interspaces 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8 of the forewing. They are variable in size, shape and number and the ones on interspaces 4 and 8 are often missing. Very rarely a spot on 5. Hind wing above and below with 4 spots on interspaces 2, 3 and 4. These spots are sometimes greatly reduced or absent or fewer in number.  

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